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com·mune 1 (kə-myn)
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intr.v. com·muned, com·mun·ing, com·munes
1. To be in a state of intimate, heightened sensitivity and receptivity, as with one's surroundings: hikers communing with nature.
2. To receive the Eucharist.

[Middle English comunen, to have common dealings with, converse, from Old French communer, to make common, share (from commun, common; see COMMON) and perhaps from Old French communier, to share in the Communion (from Late Latin commūnicāre, from Latin, to communicate; see COMMUNICATE).]

com·muner n.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
com·mune 2 (kŏmyn, kə-myn)
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n.
1.
a. A relatively small, often rural community whose members share common interests, work, and income and often own property collectively.
b. The people in such a community.
2. The smallest local political division of various European countries, governed by a mayor and municipal council.
3.
a. A local community organized with a government for promoting local interests.
b. A municipal corporation in the Middle Ages.
4. often Commune
a. The revolutionary group that controlled the government of Paris from 1789 to 1794.
b. The insurrectionary, socialist government that controlled Paris from March 18 to May 28, 1871.

[French, independent municipality, from Old French comugne, from Medieval Latin commūnia, community, from neuter of Latin commūnis, common; see mei-1 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 

Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices

    Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:

    Indo-European Roots

    Semitic Roots

    The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.

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