Kol·ka·ta (kōl-kätə) or Formerly Cal·cut·ta (kăl-kŭtə)
A city of eastern India and the capital of West Bengal, on the Hooghly River in the Ganges delta. Founded c. 1690 as a British East India Company trading post, it was the capital of British India from 1772-1912. The chief port and major industrial center of eastern India, Calcutta is one of the country's largest cities.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
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