en·close (ĕn-klōz) also in·close (ĭn-)
tr.v. en·closed, en·clos·ing, en·clos·es also in·closed, in·clos·ing, in·clos·es
a. To surround on all sides; close in: a valley that is enclosed by rugged peaks.
b. To fence in so as to prevent common use: enclosed the pasture.
c. To build or equip with a roof and walls: enclosed the deck for winter use.
2. To contain, especially so as to envelop or shelter: "Every one of those darkly clustered houses encloses its own secret" (Charles Dickens).
3. To insert into the same envelope or package: enclose a check with the order.
[Middle English enclosen, from Old French enclos, past participle of enclore, from Latin inclūdere; see INCLUDE.]
Synonyms: enclose, cage, fence, hem1, pen2, wall
These verbs mean to surround and confine within a limited area: cattle enclosed in feedlots; was caged in the office all afternoon; a garden fenced in by shrubbery; a battalion hemmed in by enemy troops; ships penned up in the harbor; prisoners who were walled in.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.