gird 1 (gûrd)
v. gird·ed or girt (gûrt), gird·ing, girds
a. To encircle (a person or the part of the body) with a belt or band.
b. To fasten or secure (clothing, for example) with a belt or band.
c. To surround.
2. To prepare (oneself) for action.
To prepare for action: "Men still spoke of peace but girded more sternly for war" (W. Bruce Lincoln).
gird (up) (one's) loins
To summon up one's inner resources in preparation for action.
[Middle English girden, from Old English gyrdan; see gher-1 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2019 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.