1. Being within reasonable limits; not excessive or extreme: a moderate price.
2. Not violent or subject to extremes; mild or calm; temperate: a moderate climate.
a. Of medium or average quantity or extent.
b. Of limited or average quality; mediocre.
4. Opposed to radical or extreme views or measures, especially in politics or religion.
One who holds or champions moderate views or opinions, especially in politics or religion.
v. (mŏdə-rāt′) mod·er·at·ed, mod·er·at·ing, mod·er·ates
1. To cause to be less extreme, intense, or violent.
2. To preside over: She was chosen to moderate the convention.
1. To become less extreme, intense, or violent; abate.
2. To act as a moderator.
[Middle English moderat, from Latin moderātus, past participle of moderārī, to moderate; see med- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
Synonyms: moderate, qualify, temper
These verbs mean to make less extreme or intense: moderated the severity of his rebuke by remaining calm; qualified her criticism by noting some strong points; tempered my harsh comments before writing the report.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.