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chase 1 (chās)
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v. chased, chas·ing, chas·es
v.tr.
1. To follow rapidly in order to catch or overtake; pursue: chased the thief.
2. To follow (game) in order to capture or kill; hunt: chase foxes.
3. To seek the favor or company of persistently: chased me until I agreed to a date.
4. To put to flight; drive: chased the dog away.
5. Baseball
a. To cause (an opposing pitcher) to be removed from a game by batting well.
b. To swing at and miss (a pitch, especially one out of the strike zone).
v.intr.
1. To go or follow in pursuit.
2. Informal To go hurriedly; rush: chased all over looking for us.
n.
1. The act of chasing; pursuit.
2.
a. The hunting of game: the thrill of the chase.
b. Something that is hunted or pursued; quarry.
3. Chiefly British
a. A privately owned, unenclosed game preserve.
b. The right to hunt or keep game on the land of others.
Idioms:
chase (one's) tail
To exert oneself vigorously but ineffectually.
give chase
To engage in pursuit of quarry: Police gave chase to the speeding car.

[Middle English chasen, to hunt, from Old French chacier, from Vulgar Latin *captiāre, from Latin captāre, to catch; see CATCH.]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
chase 2 (chās)
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n.
Printing
A rectangular steel or iron frame into which pages or columns of type are locked for printing or plate making.

[Perhaps from French châsse, case, reliquary, from Old French chasse, from Latin capsa.]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
chase 3 (chās)
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n.
1.
a. A groove cut in an object; a slot: the chase for the quarrel on a crossbow.
b. A trench or channel for drainpipes or wiring.
2. The part of a gun in front of the trunnions.
3. The cavity of a mold.
tr.v. chased, chas·ing, chas·es
1. To groove; indent.
2. To cut (the thread of a screw).
3. To decorate (metal) by engraving or embossing.

[Possibly from obsolete French chas, groove, enclosure, from Old French, from Latin capsa, box. V., variant of ENCHASE.]
(click for a larger image)
chase3
floral chase motif on a lipstick case

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
Chase (chās), Salmon Portland 1808-1873.
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American jurist who served as the chief justice of the US Supreme Court (1864-1873). He presided over the trial of President Andrew Johnson (1868).

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 

Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices

    Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:

    Indo-European Roots

    Semitic Roots

    The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.

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