tr.v. ren·dered, ren·der·ing, ren·ders
a. To submit or present, as for consideration, approval, or payment: render an opinion; render a bill.
b. To give or make available; provide: render assistance; render a service.
c. To give in return or by obligation: render thanks; rendered homage.
d. To deliver or pronounce formally: render a verdict.
e. To surrender or relinquish; yield: They rendered their lives defending their country.
f. To transfer (a suspect or prisoner) from one country to another by rendition.
2. To cause to become; make: The news rendered her speechless.
a. To represent in verbal form; depict: "Joyce has attempted ... to render ... what our participation in life is like" (Edmund Wilson).
b. To represent in a drawing or painting, especially in perspective.
4. Computers To convert (graphics) from a file into visual form, as on a video display.
a. To perform an interpretation of (a musical piece, for example).
b. To arrange: rendered the composition for string quartet.
6. To express in another language or form; translate: rendered the Greek passage into English.
7. To reduce, convert, or melt down (fat) by heating.
8. To coat (brick, for example) with plaster or cement.
A payment in kind, services, or cash from a tenant to a feudal lord.
[Middle English rendren, from Old French rendre, to give back, from Vulgar Latin *rendere, alteration of Latin reddere (influenced by prēndere, to grasp) : red-, re-, re- + dare, to give; see dō- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.