Bei·jing (bājĭng) also Pe·king (pēkĭng, pā-)
The capital of China, in the northeast part of the country. It served as Kublai Khan's capital (13th century) and the capital of the Ming and Qing dynasties (1421-1911). From 1928 to 1949 it was known as Peiping. It is a major commercial and industrial center and the political, educational, and cultural center of the country.
Usage Note: Although some people pronounce the capital of China as (bāzhĭng), with a (zh) sound in place of the (j) sound, the pronunciation with the (j) sound is a much better approximation of the Chinese pronunciation. In fact, most people who speak Chinese would consider the (zh) pronunciation to be incorrect.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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