A Hindu goddess of protection, vengeance, and victory, often described as the consort of Siva and as an avatar of Devi.
[Sanskrit Durgā, from durgā, feminine of durga-, difficult to approach, unattainable : dur-, variant (used before voiced consonants) of dus-, bad; see dus- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots + -ga-, going, moving (either from gam-, root form of gacchati, he goes, approaches, or from gā-, root form of gāti, he goes, approaches; see gwā- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots).]
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Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.