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list 1 (lĭst)
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n.
1. A series of names, words, or other items written, printed, or imagined one after the other: a shopping list; a guest list; a list of things to do.
2. A considerable number; a long series: recited a list of dates memorized.
v. list·ed, list·ing, lists
v.tr.
1. To make a list of; itemize: listed his previous jobs.
2. To enter in a list; register: listed each item received.
3. To put (oneself) in a specific category: lists herself as an artist.
4. Archaic To recruit.
v.intr.
1. To have a stated list price: a radio that lists for ten dollars over the sale price.
2. Archaic To enlist in the armed forces.

[French liste, from Old French, from Old Italian lista, of Germanic origin.]

lister n.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
list 2 (lĭst)
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n.
1.
a. A narrow strip, especially of wood.
b. Architecture See listel.
c. A border or selvage of cloth.
2. A stripe or band of color.
3.
a. often lists An arena for jousting tournaments or other contests.
b. A place of combat.
c. An area of controversy.
4. A ridge thrown up between two furrows by a lister in plowing.
5. Obsolete A boundary; a border.
tr.v. list·ed, list·ing, lists
1. To cover, line, or edge with list.
2. To cut a thin strip from the edge of.
3. To furrow or plant (land) with a lister.

[Middle English, from Old English līste.]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
list 3 (lĭst)
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n.
An inclination to one side, as of a ship; a tilt.
intr. & tr.v. list·ed, list·ing, lists
To lean or cause to lean to the side: The damaged ship listed badly to starboard. Erosion first listed, then toppled the spruce tree.

[Origin unknown.]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
list 4 (lĭst)
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intr. & tr.v. list·ed, list·ing, lists
Archaic
To listen or listen to.

[Middle English listen, from Old English hlystan; see kleu- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
list 5 (lĭst) Archaic
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v. list·ed, list·ing, lists
v.tr.
To be pleasing to; suit.
v.intr.
To be disposed; choose.
n.
A desire or inclination.

[Middle English listen, to desire, please, from Old English lystan; see las- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 

Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices

    Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:

    Indo-European Roots

    Semitic Roots

    The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.

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