1. Having no clothing on the body; nude.
2. Having no covering, especially the usual one: a naked sword.
3. Devoid of vegetation, trees, or foliage: the naked ground; naked tree limbs.
4. Being without addition, concealment, disguise, or embellishment: the naked facts; naked ambition.
5. Devoid of a specified quality, characteristic, or element: a look that was naked of all pretense.
6. Exposed to harm; vulnerable: "naked to mine enemies" (Shakespeare).
a. Not enclosed in an ovary: naked seeds.
b. Unprotected by scales: naked buds.
c. Lacking a perianth: naked flowers.
d. Without leaves or pubescence: naked stalks.
8. Zoology Lacking outer covering such as scales, fur, feathers, or a shell.
[Middle English, from Old English nacod; see nogw- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.