1. A member of a West Germanic tribal group that inhabited northern Germany and invaded Britain in the fifth and sixth centuries AD with the Angles and Jutes.
2. A person of English or Lowland Scots birth or ancestry as distinguished from one of Irish, Welsh, or Highland Scots birth or ancestry.
3. A native or inhabitant of Saxony.
4. The West Germanic language of any of the ancient Saxon peoples.
5. The Germanic element of English as distinguished from the French and Latin elements.
[Middle English, from Late Latin Saxō, Saxon-, of Germanic origin; see sek- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
The American Heritage Dictionary Blog
Check out our blog, updated regularly, for new words and revised definitions, interesting images from the 5th edition, discussions of usage, and more.