af·flu·ent (ăfl-ənt, ə-fl-)
1. Generously supplied with money, property, or possessions; prosperous or rich. See Synonyms at rich.
2. Manifesting or requiring wealth: affluent homes; affluent living.
3. Archaic Flowing freely; copious.
1. A stream or river that flows into a larger one; a tributary.
2. A person who is well-off financially: "the so-called emerging affluents" (Leslie Tweeton).
3. (used with a pl. verb) Wealthy people considered as a group. Often used with the.
[Middle English, abundant, flowing, from Old French, from Latin affluēns, affluent-, present participle of affluere, to abound in : ad-, ad- + fluere, to flow; see bhleu- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
Usage Note: The pronunciation of affluent with stress on the first syllable is the widely accepted pronunciation, and the preferred form of 85 percent of the Usage Panel in our 2015 survey. The pronunciation with stress on the second syllable is acceptable to only a third of the Panel, but it is common enough to be considered a standard variant pronunciation.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.