tr.v. af·ford·ed, af·ford·ing, af·fords
1. To have the financial means for; bear the cost of: able to afford a new car.
2. To manage to spare or give up: can't afford an hour for lunch.
3. To manage or bear without disadvantage or risk to oneself: can afford to be tolerant.
4. To make available or have as a necessary feature; provide: a tree that affords ample shade; a sport affording good exercise.
[Middle English aforthen, from Old English geforthian, to carry out : ge-, perfective pref.; see YCLEPT + forthian, to further (from forth, forth, forward; see per1 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots).]
af·ford′a·bili·ty (ə-fôr′də-bĭlĭ-tē) n.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2019 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.