1. Something that nourishes; food.
2. Something that supports or sustains.
tr.v. (-mĕnt′) al·i·ment·ed, al·i·ment·ing, al·i·ments
To supply with sustenance, such as food: required by court order to aliment the abandoned family.
[Middle English, from Latin alimentum, from alere, to nourish; see al-2 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
al′i·mental (-mĕntl) adj.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.