1. Alpine Of, relating to, or characteristic of the Alps or their inhabitants.
2. Of or relating to high mountains.
3. Biology Living or growing on mountains above the timberline: alpine plants.
4. often Alpine Sports
a. Of or relating to a style of mountaineering that emphasizes ascent by small parties carrying light packs and eschewing the use of porters.
b. Of or relating to downhill skiing.
[Middle English, from Latin Alpīnus, from Alpēs, the Alps.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.