n. pl. am·pho·rae (-fə-rē′) or am·pho·ras
A two-handled jar with a narrow neck used by the ancient Greeks and Romans to carry wine or oil.
[Middle English, from Latin, from Greek amphoreus, short for amphiphoreus : amphi-, amphi- + phoreus, bearer (from pherein, to bear; see bher-1 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots).]
(click for a larger image)amphora
c. 530 BC black-figure amphora by Exekias
(active 550-520 bc)
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.