1. The act of expecting or foreseeing something; expectation or presentiment: "None are happy but by the anticipation of change: the change itself is nothing" (Samuel Johnson).
2. An expectation: "His heart was light and his anticipations high" (Mark Twain).
3. Action taken in order to prevent or counteract something: The police department's anticipation of unruly behavior after the championship game prevented mayhem.
4. The use or assignment of funds, especially from a trust fund, before they are legitimately available for use.
5. Music Introduction on a weak beat of one note of a new chord before the previous chord is resolved.
(click for a larger image)anticipation
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.