tr.v. as·sessed, as·sess·ing, as·sess·es
1. To determine the value, significance, or extent of; appraise. See Synonyms at estimate.
2. To estimate the value of (property) for taxation.
3. To set or determine the amount of (a payment, such as a tax or fine).
a. To charge (a person or property) with a special payment, such as a tax or fine.
b. Sports To charge (a player, coach, or team) with a foul or penalty.
[Middle English assessen, from Old French assesser, from Latin assidēre, assess-, to sit by as an assistant judge : ad-, ad- + sedēre, to sit; see sed- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
The American Heritage Dictionary Blog
Check out our blog, updated regularly, for new words and revised definitions, interesting images from the 5th edition, discussions of usage, and more.