tr.v. as·sessed, as·sess·ing, as·sess·es
1. To determine the value, significance, or extent of; appraise. See Synonyms at estimate.
2. To estimate the value of (property) for taxation.
3. To set or determine the amount of (a payment, such as a tax or fine).
a. To charge (a person or property) with a special payment, such as a tax or fine.
b. Sports To charge (a player, coach, or team) with a foul or penalty.
[Middle English assessen, from Old French assesser, from Latin assidēre, assess-, to sit by as an assistant judge : ad-, ad- + sedēre, to sit; see sed- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.