a. A church office endowed with fixed capital assets that provide a living.
b. The revenue from such assets.
2. A landed estate granted in feudal tenure.
[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin beneficium, benefit, from beneficus, benefic; see BENEFIC.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.