v. bloat·ed, bloat·ing, bloats
1. To cause to swell up or inflate, as with liquid or gas.
2. To cure (fish) by soaking in brine and half-drying in smoke.
To become swollen or inflated: "Government had bloated out of control" (Lance Morrow).
1. A swelling of the rumen or intestinal tract of cattle and domestic animals that is caused by excessive gas formation following fermentation of ingested watery legumes or green forage.
2. An excess or surfeit, as of employees, expenses, or procedures: corporate bloat.
[From Middle English blout, soft, puffed, from Old Norse blautr, soft, soaked; see bhleu- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.