1. A self-governing incorporated town in some US states, such as New Jersey.
2. One of the five administrative units of New York City.
3. A civil division of the state of Alaska that is the equivalent of a county in most other US states.
4. Chiefly British
a. A town having a municipal corporation and certain rights, such as self-government.
b. A town that sends a representative to Parliament.
5. A medieval group of fortified houses that formed a town having special privileges and rights.
[Middle English burgh, city, from Old English burg, fortified town; see bhergh-2 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.