The roe of mullet or tuna that is salted, dried, pressed, and usually served sliced or grated as a garnish. Also called botargo.
[Italian, from Arabic baṭāriḫ, pl. of baṭraḫ, ultimately from Greek tarīkhos, tarīkhon, dried salted fish, pickled fish (perhaps via Late Greek botarikhon : bo-; perhaps akin to Modern Greek avgo, egg from Greek ōion; see awi- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots + Greek tarīkhon, or alternatively via Coptic *pitarikhon, bottarga : pi-, masculine sing. definite article + *tarikhon, bottarga, from Greek tarīkhon).]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.