The reddish wood of certain tropical trees or shrubs in the pea family, especially the Brazilian tree Caesalpinia echinata, used for violin bows and as a source of a red or purplish dye.
[Obsolete brazil, brazilwood (from Middle English brasile, an Asian variety of brazilwood, ultimately, partly via Medieval Latin brasilium, from Old Spanish brasil, from brasa, hot coals (in reference to its color), of Germanic origin; see bhreu- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots) + WOOD1.]
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Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.