1. A harness, consisting of a headstall, bit, and reins, fitted about a horse's head and used to restrain or guide the animal.
2. A curb or check: put a bridle on spending.
3. Nautical A span of chain, wire, or rope that can be secured at both ends to an object and slung from its center point.
v. bri·dled, bri·dling, bri·dles
1. To put a bridle on.
2. To control or restrain: could not bridle his excitement at the news. See Synonyms at restrain.
1. To lift the head and draw in the chin in anger or resentment.
2. To be angry or resentful; take offense: bridling at the criticism.
[Middle English bridel, from Old English brīdel.]
(click for a larger image)bridle
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.