1. Water saturated with or containing large amounts of a salt, especially sodium chloride.
a. The water of a sea or an ocean.
b. A large body of salt water.
3. Salt water used for preserving and pickling foods.
tr.v. brined, brin·ing, brines
To immerse, preserve, or pickle in salt water.
[Middle English, from Old English brīne.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.