broth (brôth, brŏth)
n. pl. broths (brôths, brŏths, brôthz, brŏthz)
1. The water in which meat, fish, or vegetables have been boiled; stock.
2. A thin, clear soup based on stock, to which rice, barley, meat, or vegetables may be added.
3. A liquid containing nutrients for culturing microorganisms: inoculated the broth with bacteria.
[Middle English, from Old English; see bhreu- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.