An ion or group of ions having a positive charge and characteristically moving toward the negative electrode in electrolysis.
[Greek kation, something going down, from neuter present participle of katienai, to go down : kat-, kata-, cata- + ienai, to go; see ei- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
cat′i·onic (kăt′ī-ŏnĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2019 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.