cay·enne pepper (kī-ĕn, kā-)
An orange-red to dark red condiment consisting of the ground ripe fruits of any of several pungent varieties of capsicum. Also called red pepper.
[Alteration (by folk etymology from Cayenne) of kian, chian, from Tupí quiínia, hot pepper.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.