1. The placement of a nonabsorbable suture around the uterine cervix to treat premature dilation of the cervix during pregnancy.
2. The use of an encircling wire loop or ring to bring together the ends of an obliquely fractured bone or the fragments of a broken patella.
3. The use of an encircling silicone band around the sclera of the eye to correct detachment of the retina.
[French, encirclement, from cercler, to encircle, from Old French, from cercle, circle; see CIRCLE.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendicies
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.