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China, Republic of
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See Taiwan.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
Chi·na (chīnə), People's Republic of
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A country of eastern Asia. Its civilization, founded by the Han people and traditionally dating to the third millennium BC, gave rise to a series of imperial dynasties and a flourishing culture whose influence extended throughout East Asia. Mongol invaders established a new dynasty that lasted from AD 1271 until 1368, when Han rule was reestablished. The last imperial dynasty, founded by a Manchu clan in 1644, was overthrown in 1912 and a republic was declared. After a bitter civil war (1946-1949), a Communist state led by Mao Zedong was established on the mainland, and the supporters of the former ruling party, the Nationalists, fled to Taiwan. Beijing is the capital and Shanghai the largest city.
(click for a larger image)
China

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
chi·na (chīnə)
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n.
1. High-quality porcelain or other ceramic ware, originally made in China.
2. Porcelain or earthenware used for the table.

[Variant of earlier chiney, from Persian chīnī, Chinese, from chīn, China, ultimately of Chinese origin; akin to Mandarin Qín; see QIN.]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 

Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices

    Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:

    Indo-European Roots

    Semitic Roots

    The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.

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