n. pl. cor·ti·ces (-tĭ-sēz′) or cor·tex·es
a. The outer layer of an internal organ or body structure, as of the kidney or adrenal gland.
b. The outer layer of gray matter that covers the surface of the cerebral hemisphere.
2. Botany The region of tissue in a root or stem lying between the epidermis and the vascular tissue.
3. An external layer, such as bark or rind.
4. Cytology The region of the cytoplasm of a eukaryotic cell that lies just under the plasma membrane and contains a network of actin filaments and associated proteins that determine the shape of the cell.
[Latin, bark; see sker-1 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.