a. Any of various bulbous plants of the genus Narcissus, especially one of the many cultivated varieties of N. pseudonarcissus, having showy, usually yellow flowers with a trumpet-shaped central corona.
b. The flower of any of these plants.
2. A brilliant to vivid yellow.
[Alteration of Middle English affodil, from Latin asphodelus, asphodel; see ASPHODEL.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.