di·van (dĭ-vän, -văn)
1. A long backless sofa, especially one set with pillows against a wall.
2. (also dī-văn)
a. A counting room, tribunal, or public audience room in Muslim countries.
b. The seat used by an administrator when holding audience.
c. A government bureau or council chamber.
3. (also dī-văn) A coffeehouse or smoking room.
4. (also dī-văn) A book of poems, especially one written in Arabic or Persian by a single author.
[French, from Ottoman Turkish dīvān, from Persian, archive, chancery, government office, poet's divan, from Middle Persian dīwān, collection of documents, archive, from Old Persian *dipivahanam, document house : dipi-, writing, inscription (from Akkadian ṭuppu, clay tablet for cuneiform writing, from Sumerian dub) + vahanam, house; see wes-1 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
(click for a larger image)divan
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.