ex·cess (ĭk-sĕs, ĕksĕs′)
1. The state of exceeding what is normal or sufficient: rains that filled the reservoirs to excess.
2. An amount or quantity beyond what is normal or sufficient; a surplus: sold most of the stoves and put the excess in the warehouse.
3. The amount or degree by which one quantity exceeds another: Profit is the excess of sales over costs.
a. Intemperance; overindulgence: drank to excess.
b. A behavior or action that exceeds proper or lawful bounds: tried to avoid financial excesses such as buying expensive clothes.
Being more than is usual, required, or permitted: skimming off the excess fat. See Synonyms at superfluous.
tr.v. ex·cessed, ex·cess·ing, ex·cess·esIdiom:
To eliminate the job or position of: teachers who were excessed during the downturn.
in excess of
Greater than; more than: unit sales in excess of 20 million.
[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin excessus, past participle of excēdere, to exceed; see EXCEED.]
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Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
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