1. A student in the first-year class of a high school, college, or university. See Usage Note at chairman.
2. A beginner; a novice: a political freshman.
1. Of or relating to the first year of an endeavor, especially of attending a school or college: freshman courses; a freshman senator.
2. Being the first in a series: a freshman effort from a new director; the freshman season of a promising television show.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.