gab·er·dine (găbər-dēn′, găb′ər-dēn)
1. A long, coarse cloak or frock worn especially by Jews during the Middle Ages. Also called gabardine.
2. Chiefly British A laborer's long loose smock.
3. See gabardine.
[Obsolete French gauvardine, from Old French galvardine, perhaps from Middle High German wallevart, pilgrimage : wallen, to roam (from Old High German wallōn; see wel-2 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots) + vart, journey (from Old High German, from faran, to go; see per-2 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots).]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
The American Heritage Dictionary Blog
Check out our blog, updated regularly, for new words and revised definitions, interesting images from the 5th edition, discussions of usage, and more.