1. Of, relating to, or being the grammatical case expressing possession, measurement, or source.
2. Of or relating to an affix or construction, such as a prepositional phrase, characteristic of the genitive case.
1. The genitive case.
2. A word or form in the genitive case.
[Middle English genetif, from Latin genetīvus, from genitus, past participle of gignere, to beget; see genə- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.