A chain of volcanic and coral islands in the central Pacific Ocean extending about 2,600 km (1,600 mi) west-northwestward from the island of Hawaii. Formerly known as the Sandwich Islands, the group consists of eight major islands and more than a hundred minor ones.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.