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head (hĕd)
a. The uppermost or forwardmost part of the body of a vertebrate, containing the brain and the eyes, ears, nose, mouth, and jaws.
b. The analogous part of an invertebrate organism.
c. The length or height of such a part: The horse lost by a head. She is two heads taller than he is.
2. The seat of the faculty of reason; intelligence, intellect, or mind: I did the figuring in my head.
3. Mental ability or aptitude: She has a good head for mathematics.
4. Freedom of choice or action: Give the child his head and see how well he solves the problems.
5. Slang
a. A habitual drug user. Often used in combination: a dopehead.
b. An enthusiast. Often used in combination: a chilihead.
6. A person considered foolish or contemptible. Often used in combination: a chowderhead.
7. A portrait or representation of a person's head.
8. often heads (used with a sing. verb) The side of a coin having the principal design, often the profile of a political leader's head.
9. Informal A headache: had a bad head early this morning.
a. An individual; a person: charged five dollars a head.
b. pl. head A single animal: 20 head of cattle.
a. A person who leads, rules, or is in charge; a leader, chief, or director: the head of the corporation.
b. A headmaster or headmistress.
12. The foremost or leading position: marched at the head of the parade.
13. A headwaiter.
a. The difference in depth of a liquid at two given points.
b. The measure of pressure at the lower point expressed in terms of this difference.
c. The pressure exerted by a liquid or gas: a head of steam.
d. The liquid or gas exerting the pressure.
15. The froth or foam that rises to the top in pouring an effervescent liquid, such as beer.
16. The tip of an abscess, boil, or pimple, in which pus forms.
17. A turning point; a crisis: bring matters to a head.
a. A projection, weight, or fixture at the end of an elongated object: the head of a pin; a head of land overlooking the harbor.
b. The working end of a tool or implement: the head of a hammer.
c. The looped part at the end a lacrosse stick, to which the webbing is attached.
d. The part of an explosive device that carries the explosive; a warhead.
e. The part of a stringed instrument where the strings are wound; a tuning head.
f. A tuning machine.
19. Anatomy
a. The rounded proximal end of a long bone: the head of the femur.
b. The end of a muscle that is attached to the less movable part of the skeleton.
a. An attachment to or part of a machine that holds or contains the operative device.
b. The magnetic head of a tape recorder or VCR.
c. The device in a magnetic disk or tape drive that enables it to read data from and write data to the disk or tape.
21. A rounded compact mass, as of leaves or buds: a head of cabbage.
22. Botany A flower head.
23. The uppermost part; the top: Place the appropriate name at the head of each column.
24. The end considered the most important: sat at the head of the table.
25. Either end of an object, such as a drum, whose two ends are interchangeable.
26. Nautical
a. The forward part of a vessel.
b. The top part or upper edge of a sail.
27. A toilet, especially on a ship.
28. A passage or gallery in a coal mine.
29. Printing
a. The top of a book or page.
b. A headline or heading.
c. A distinct topic or category: under the head of recent Spanish history.
30. Headway; progress.
31. Linguistics The word determining the grammatical category of a constituent, often establishing relations of concord or agreement (such as subject-verb agreement) with other constituents.
32. Vulgar Slang Oral sex.
1. Of, relating to, or intended for the head. Often used in combination: headshaking; headwrap.
2. Foremost in rank or importance: the head librarian.
3. Placed at the top or the front: the head name on the list.
4. Slang Of, relating to, or for drugs or drug users.
v. head·ed, head·ing, heads
1. To be in charge of; lead: The minister headed the committee.
2. To be in the first or foremost position of: Collins heads the list of job candidates.
3. To aim, point, or turn in a certain direction: headed the team of horses up the hill.
4. To remove the head or top of.
5. Sports To hit (a soccer ball) in the air with one's head.
6. To provide with a head: head each column with a number; headed the flagpole with a golden ball.
1. To proceed or go in a certain direction: head for town.
2. To form a head, as lettuce or cabbage.
3. To originate, as a stream or river; rise.
Phrasal Verb:
head off
To block the progress or completion of; intercept: Try to head him off before he gets home. The town headed off the attempt to build another mall.
have a big/swelled head
To be overly self-confident or conceited.
head and shoulders above
Far superior to: head and shoulders above her colleagues in analytical capability.
head over heels
1. Rolling, as in a somersault: tripped and fell head over heels.
2. Completely; hopelessly: head over heels in love.
keep (one's) head
To remain calm; remain in control of oneself.
lose (one's) head
To lose one's poise or self-control.
off/out of (one's) head
Crazy; deranged.
on (one's) head
As one's responsibility or fault: If this project fails, it's on your head.
over (one's) head
1. Beyond one's comprehension.
2. Beyond one's financial means.
put heads together
To consult and plan together: Let's put our heads together and solve this problem.

[Middle English, from Old English hēafod; see kaput- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Head (hĕd), Edith 1897-1981.
American costume designer for more than 500 motion pictures, including All About Eve (1950).
(click for a larger image)
Edith Head

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.

Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices

    Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:

    Indo-European Roots

    Semitic Roots

    The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.