hoop (hp, hp)
1. A circular band of metal or wood put around a cask or barrel to bind the staves together.
2. A large wooden, plastic, or metal ring, especially one used as a plaything or for trained animals to jump through.
3. One of the lightweight circular supports for a hoop skirt.
4. A circular, ringlike earring.
5. One of a pair of circular frames, usually of wood or plastic, used to hold material taut for embroidery or similar needlework.
a. The basket.
b. A field goal: hit a big hoop.
c. also hoops The game of basketball.
7. Sports A croquet wicket.
tr.v. hooped, hoop·ing, hoopsIdiom:
1. To hold together or support with a hoop.
2. To encircle.
jump/go through the hoop
To undergo a rigorous trial or examination.
[Middle English hop.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.