hop 2 (hŏp)
1. A twining vine (Humulus lupulus) having lobed leaves and green female flowers arranged in conelike spikes.
2. hops The dried female inflorescences of this plant, containing a bitter aromatic oil. They are used in brewing to inhibit bacterial growth and to add the characteristic bitter taste to beer.
3. Slang Opium.
tr.v. hopped, hop·ping, hopsPhrasal Verb:
To flavor with hops.
hop up Slang
1. To increase the power or energy of: hop up a car.
2. To stimulate with or as if with a narcotic.
[Middle English hoppe, from Middle Dutch.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
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