1. pl. hose Stockings; socks. Used only in the plural.
2. pl. hose
a. Close-fitting breeches or leggings reaching up to the hips and fastened to a doublet, formerly worn by men. Used only in the plural.
b. Breeches reaching down to the knees. Used only in the plural.
3. pl. hos·es A flexible tube for conveying liquids or gases under pressure.
tr.v. hosed, hos·ing, hos·es
1. To water, drench, or wash with a hose: hosed down the deck; hosed off the dog.
a. To attack and kill (someone), typically by use of a firearm:
b. To exploit, cheat, or defraud.
[Middle English, a stocking, from Old English hosa, leg covering; see (s)keu- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.