a. Of, relating to, or proper to courts of law or to the administration of justice: the judicial system.
b. Decreed by or proceeding from a court of justice: a judicial decision.
c. Belonging or appropriate to the office of a judge: in judicial robes.
2. Characterized by or expressing judgment: the judicial function of a literary critic.
3. Proceeding from a divine judgment.
[Middle English, from Anglo-Norman, from Latin iūdiciālis, from iūdicium, judgment, from iūdex, iūdic-, judge; see deik- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.