Lom·bard (lŏmbərd, -bärd′, lŭm-)
1. A member of a Germanic people that invaded northern Italy in the sixth century AD and established a kingdom in the Po River valley. Also called Langobard.
a. A native or inhabitant of Lombardy.
b. Any of a group of Romance languages spoken in Lombardy and adjacent regions and closely related to Provençal, Romansh, Franco-Provençal, and French.
3. A banker or moneylender.
[Middle English Lumbarde, from Old French lombard, from Old Italian lombardo, from Medieval Latin lombardus, from Latin Langobardus, Longobardus; see del-1 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots. Sense 3, from the prominence of Lombards in 13th-century banking.]
Lom·bardic (-bärdĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
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