n. pl. mal·a·dies
1. A disease, disorder, or ailment.
2. An unwholesome condition: the malady of discontent.
[Middle English maladie, from Old French, from malade, sick, from Latin male habitus, in poor condition : male, badly; see mel-3 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots + habitus, past participle of habēre, to hold; see ghabh- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
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Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.