may·or (māər, mâr)
The head of government of a city, town, borough, or municipal corporation.
[Middle English maire, from Old French, from Medieval Latin māior, from Latin, greater, superior; see meg- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
mayor·al (māər-əl, mā-ôrəl) adj.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.