Near East (nîr)
A region of southwest Asia generally defined as including Asia Minor, the Levant, and Mesopotamia. The Near East is sometimes considered also to include the Arabian Peninsula, Iran, and the area around the Nile River in northeast Africa.
Near Eastern adj.
Near Easterner n.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.