ob·jur·gate (ŏbjər-gāt′, ŏb-jûrgāt′)
tr.v. ob·jur·gat·ed, ob·jur·gat·ing, ob·jur·gates
To scold or rebuke sharply; berate.
[Latin obiūrgāre, obiūrgāt- : ob-, against; see OB- + iūrgāre, to scold, sue at law (probably iūs, iūr-, law; see yewes- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots + agere, to do, proceed; see ag- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots).]
ob·jurga·to′ri·ly (ŏb-jûr′gə-tôr′ə-lē) adv.
ob·jurga·to′ry (-tôr′ē) adj.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.