a. A member of the orchid family.
b. A flower of one of these plants, especially a cultivated species.
2. A pale to light purple, from grayish to purplish pink to strong reddish purple.
[From New Latin Orchideae, family name, from New Latin orchis, orchid-, orchid, from Latin orchis, a kind of orchid, from Greek orkhis, testicle, orchid (from the shape of its tubers).]
(click for a larger image)orchid
yellow lady's slipperCypripedium calceolus
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2019 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.